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Kaatazhagiya Singar Temple Utsavam on Vijayadasami Day

The much awaited hunting scene, signifying the killing of Vanniyasura, was enacted at the Singaperumal temple on Vijayadasami Day.

Located just over a kilometre East of Ranganathaswamy temple in Srirangam is the Kaatazhagiya Singaperumal temple, one that pre-dates the Ranganatha temple when this kshetram was referred to as Velli Thirumutham. Only much later, after the construction of the Ranganatha temple did this place come to be called as Thiruvarangam.

The Singaperumal temple was built by Vallabhadeva Pandya and has an imposing vimanam. Later in the 15th Century AD, Chakra Raya colonised the precincts of the shrine of Kaatazhagiya Singar and renovated the shrine. The maha mandapam, at the Singar temple, has pillars in Vijayanagar style.

As this kshetram was a dense forest, surrounded by the two rivers – Cauvery in the South and Coloroon in the North – and inhabited only by the rishis and their families, the temple came to be called ‘Kaatazhagiya Singaperumal’ temple.

The story goes that wild animals constantly attacked the families of the rishis and consumed them. While the rishis, through severe penance, had the power to burn the animals just by their looks, they sought not to forego the fruits of their penance by killing these wild animals. Instead, they undertook a more severe form of penance invoking the blessings of Lord Narasimha.

Pleased with their prayers, Lord Narasimha appeared before these rishis. As per their request, he stayed here with Goddess Lakshmi protecting the lives of all those who offered their sincere prayers at this place. Chaturbhuja Narasimha is seen with his two upper hands holding a conch and chakra while his lower hand is in an abhaya posture.

Goddess Lakshmi with buds in her hands, is seen seated on the left lap of Narasimha. Interestingly, both the feet of Goddess Lakshmi can be seen at this temple.

Old time residents say that this place was very much like a forest till the early 1970s. It is only in the past three decades that there has been development around the Kaatazhagiya Singar temple.

Three-hour procession

This year at 6.30 a.m., on Vijayadasami day (Oct. 6), Namperumal, the utsava deity of Lord Ranganatha left on his palanquin on a three-hour procession through the ‘Eastern Vellai Gopuram’ for his annual trip to the Kaattazhagiya Singar Temple for vijaya (conquest). Special Wooden boards were placed across the railway track to assist the Lord cross the Srirangam Station. On reaching the temple, Namperumal stationed himself at the outer mandapam where pujas were performed.

In the evening, cane bows and arrows with brass heads were ceremoniously brought on an elephant back via the Chitra streets of Srirangam.

At six p.m., Namperumal on his Golden Horse mount had been brought earlier in the day from the Ranganatha temple and was positioned at the four pillared mandapam right in front of the Vanni tree for the much awaited event.

After performing puja at the Vanni tree, the hunting scene was enacted in front of thousands of devotees who had gathered at the Singaperumal temple with Namperumal’s representatives striking the arrows in different directions signifying the killing of Vanniyasura, the forest demon and symbolically suggesting the protection of the good.

After the enactment of this hunting scene and having spent the whole day with the ‘Narasimha of the Jungle,’ Namperumal bid good bye to Kaatazhagiya Singaperumal for yet another year and started on his return trip at around 7 p.m.

Ahead of Namperumal’s return trip, Sathara Street, the wholesale Flower market of Srirangam, was wonderfully decorated with festive lights and flowers marking the entire stretch of the market. This is the only day in the year when Namperumal makes his way through the Flower market providing darshan to the vendors in the street. With the clock having ticked past 8.30 p.m. and having provided darshan for almost an hour at the Southern entrance of the Ranganathaswamy temple, Namperumal made his way back to the Gayathri mandapam where Tirumanjanam was performed along with the Ubhaya Nachiyars bringing to an end his annual hunting expedition to the Singaperumal temple. For more information contact 94434 90879/ 0431-2430879

How to reach

Kaatazhagiya Singar Temple is about 200 yards east of the Srirangam railway station. Auto drivers, from Ranganathaswamy temple (South/North entrance), could charge Rs.30-40. News source : The Hindu

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