Oh Lord HayagrIvA! May adiyEn meditate always on Your dhivya ThirumEni (SubhAsrayam)! May I thereby imbibe Your auspicious attributes and achieve a state of oneness with You! May adiyEn perform japam of Your sacred manthram and through that power become a renowned warrior in the battle fields of debate, where rival siddhAnthins take part! May adiyEn rise victorious with Your anugraham in these debater’s assemblies and argue with unabated strength to gain victory!
This slOkam is a description of what happens after Lord HayagrIvan occupies the throne at the tip of Swamy Desikan’s tongue. Three things happen in quick succession:
(1) Swamy Desikan meditates deeply on the Lord and reaches a state of Tanmayathvam (a state of Oneness with the Lord).
(2) Swamy Desikan performs Sri HayagrIva manthra Japam and offers his salutations
(3) At the end of the japam, he prays to the Lord for the anugraham to rise victorious in the debates with rival siddhAnthins through command over their arguments with the power of Veda Vaak.
Sri D.Ramaswamy Iyengar points out that it is Lord HayagrIvA, who really wins in these contests by using Swamy Desikan as His instrument. Two instances where Swamy Desikan acknowledges his kaimkaryam as a mere instrument in the hands of the Lord to defeat para matha Vaadhins are found at the end of AdhikaraNa SaarAvaLi and DayA sathakam (slOkam 104). These are Saathvika ThyAgams at the end of these two monumental works. AdhikaraNa SaarAvaLi is a metrical commentary on Sri BhAshyam of AchArya RaamAnujA, a summary of the VyAkhyAnam of BhAshyakArar on each of the chapters of the Brahma SoothrAs. After completing this monumental work, Swamy Desikan acknowledges that it is really Lord RanganAthA (thru His HayagrIvAvathAram), who sang the AdhikaraNa SaarAvaLi using him (Desikan) as an instrument just as He uses His Paanchajanyam to raise PraNava naadham (Uccha dhvani):
praNava Mahimavath PaanchajanyakramENa
svAdhmAtam RanganAtha: svayamithi
mukharikruthya sammOdhatE sma
–Adhikarana SaarAvaLi: SlOkam 561:Utthara Paadham
Swamy Desikna’s son, Sri KumAra VaradAchAr wrote the commentary for his father/ AchAryan’s AdhikaraNa SaarAvaLi and observes the Lord using Swamy Desikan like His Divine conch:
“Paanchajanyasthu BhagavadhAdhmAnEna SabdhAyathE. ahamapi BhagavathA
prEritha yEvaithAni padhyAni vyararacham. tEna svEnaiva prEritham
AmAsthEnEshu mukharIkruthya sammOdhatE sma = santhushyathi smEthyartha:,
atha: “Paanchajanyam HrushIkEsa:” ithivath Para paksha PrathikshEpa rUpEshu
samara mukhEshu maam muhurapi mukharayAncchakAra ithyartha:”
Paanchajnayam sounds with the Lord’s own breath filling it. AdiyEn also was commanded by the Lord RanganathA to compose this metrical work on Sri BhAshyam (adhikaraNa SaarAvaLi). It is the Lord Himself, who sang the SaarAvaLi using me just as He uses His divine conch in the battle field.He takes delight in this leelA of His using me as His Panchajanyam.
The famous DayA sathaka SlOkam containing the SaathvIka ThyAgam is housed in the 104th
VedAntha Desika padhE vinivEsya Baalam
dEvO dayaa sathakam yEthath avadhAyan maam
VaihArikENa vidhinA samayE gruhitham
veeNaa viSesham iva venkataSaila naatha:
Swamy Desikan states here that Lord VenkatanAthan lifted a small boy like him to sit on a great sthAnam known as “VedAnthAchAryan”. To qualify for this sthAnam (status), He (the Lord) composed the slokams of DayA sathakam through him as part of His leelai. He used me as an instrument to accomplish His goal. It is Like the Lord of the Universe playing on a VeeNA to amuse Himself with the sweet naadham of the Veenai. It is not the VeenA that raises its MangaLa naadham, but it is the skills of the Player that is behind the sweet sounds. All the glories in the composition of the DayA sathakam goes to the Lord and Lord alone, who used me as His preferred instrument.
In the last slOkam of AdhikaraNa SaarAvaLi, Swamy Desikan pays direct tribute to Lord HayagrIvan as the One composing this Sri Sookthi using him as the instrument. A portion of Swamy KumAra VaradAcchAr’s commentary on this slOkam is as follows:
“SvAchArya roopa visishtEna Sarva VidhyA-pravarthakEna BhagavathA HayagrIvENa virachitham, –SrimAN HayagrIva yEva Tath VakthA..”
This AdhikaraNa SaarAvaLi has been created by the Master of all VidhyAs, Lord HayagrIvan, taking the form of the preeminent knowledge represented by his own AchAryans. Thus, Swamy Desikan performs Saathvika ThyAgam in the form of Sri HayagrIvArpaNam befitting his role as one, who performed prapatthi to Him (dayA nidhim dEha-brudhAm SaraNyam, dEvam HayagrIvam aham prapdhyE).
In this SlOkam, Swamy clearly states that it is Lord HayagrIvan sitting on the tip of his tongue
is the One, who would win in all the debates that he would enter into.
To be continued…