Ramanuja Nutranthathi – 44

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Sri Ramanujar with Sri Periya Nambigal during Pancha Samskara Utsavam at Madhuranthakam
Sri Ramanujar with Sri Periya Nambigal during Pancha Samskara Utsavam at Madhuranthakam

விளக்கவுரை:

அநந்தா என்றும், விபுலா என்றும் அழைக்கப்படும் இந்த அகண்ட பூமியில் உள்ள மனிதர்களுக்கு உயர்ந்தவற்றை நான் உபதேசித்தாலும், அவர்கள் அதில் ஈடுபாடு கொள்ளாமல் இருப்பார்கள்; அறிவு கெட்டு திரிவார்கள்; நாம் சரணம் அடையும் இடம் எது என்று தேடியபடி, அங்கும் இங்கும் செல்வார்கள்; இப்படியாகத் தங்கள் வாழ்வை வீணடிப்பார்கள். மேலும் இவர்கள் செய்வது என்ன? தமிழ் மொழியில் உள்ள இயல், இசை, நாடகம் ஆகிய மூன்றும் கொண்டதாகவும், சொற்கள் என்னும் மாலைகள் உடையதாகவும் உள்ள தமிழ்; நான்கு வேதங்கள்; எண்ணற்றதும், எல்லையற்றதும் ஆகிய தர்ம நெறிகள் ஆகியவற்றை அறிந்தவர் எம்பெருமானார்; எண்ணற்ற திருக்கல்யாண குணங்கள் கொண்டவர்; மிகவும் உயர்ந்தவர்களால் சூழப்பட்டவர் – இப்படிப்பட்ட எம்பெருமானாரின் திருநாமத்தை ஒருமுறை நான் உபதேசிப்பதைக் கேட்டு, உச்சரித்தாலே போதும், இவர்களின் தேடுதலுக்கு விடை கிட்டும் – ஆனால் செய்ய மறுக்கிறார்களே!

Earlier, Amudhanaar described Ramanuja’s mastery of RamayaNam and GitA saasthrAs, and his skill in establishing the Srivaishnava doctrine and crushing the other non-vedic religions. Now Amudhanaar mentions that Ramanuja is the greatest mahaan who has learnt even Tamil Vedas [Divya prabandhams] and Veda, Vedanta.

Meaning:

In this vast world, one wishes to know what the ultimate Purushaartham is. Sri Ramanujacharya studies art, dance and drama in Tamil and also sweetest AzhwAr’s works in Tamil, the four Vedas and all limitless innumerable Vedantha and Dharmas and analyzed them individually as well as in entirety. He stands like a shining light, establishing the greatest truths reflecting the sruthis and Vedic truths in clear categorical terms, and is praised for His KalyANA guNAs by Great scholars with love and devotion. This world (and its people)- oh no! are not listening and paying attention to my words. (Are they not sensible?)

Sol aar thamizh moonRum– art, music, drama in Tamil [iyal, isai, naatakam] sruthigaL naangum- Rg, Yajur, saama, AtharvaNa Vedas ellai illaa aRa neRi yaavum- innumerable, limitless, dharma saasthrAs [etc]

theritthavan– All these are understood crystal clear by him

eN aru seer nallaar paravum Iraamaanusan– Ramanujacharya – One who is the personification of limitless kalyANa guNAs and who is praised by scholars for the same;

thirunaamam nambi kallaar– One who has not learnt His Thirunaamam [even after seeing these kalyANa guNAs of his] with an unflinching faith that it would alleviate karmic diseases;
agal idatthOr yEthu pERu enRu kaamipaar– in this vast world, where and when will they ever desire for and for which goal? [never ever they will. ] Ramanuja mastered in all Tamil arts- namely grammar, literature, dance, music, drama etc.. and also Sanskrit veda Vedanthams [sruthis].
iyal– the letters, grammar, and the words, etymology, meanings etc
isai– Tune, beats [raga, thaaLams and the subsets of theirs];
naatakam– with the combination of the two above, drama is formed.. and with abhinayam [miming] it becomes a dance drama.

Vedas were in fragmented form and Veda Vyasa consolidated them and divided into four standardized categories of the mantras. Thus standardized, they were named Rig, Yajur, Samam, and atharva Vedas. Each of these Vedas were further classified into samhithas [hymns for rituals]. Brahmanas [prose portion/performance details of rituals] and AraNyaka including Upanishads [with mystical elements. meaning of hymns].

Ramanuja had mastered these veda, vedanthams and learnt all saasthrAs. Ramanuja drew profusely from Upanishads to promulgate his school of vedantha known as Visishtadvaita and his Bhashyams on Brahma Soothrams and the GitA are masterly ones. Besides Swami blessed us with the very important work on Vedantha called Vedaartha Sangraham which contains the central purport on Upanishads.

More than his knowledge and expertise, Swami was merciful and dayaika sindhO [ocean of dayA] and showered mercy on His disciples and all those taking refuge at His Feet. Those who have not yet realized this and not understood his such wonderful kalyANa guNAs, the greatness of His and as well as the power of His divine name – will not be able to get any path for attaining any of their goals.

Those who have understood the divine name of Ramanuja and have realized His kalyANa guNas would get to know what is the REAL Purushaarrtham [goal] Others would only search and search and unless they take refuge at Ramanuja’s feet, they will never find..

Moksham alone is thus Purushaarttham. No- there is something even higher than that. Next verse- Amudhanar mentions that.

Source:

http://sundarasimham.org/
http://namperumal.wordpress.com/

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