Ramanuja Nutranthathi – 55

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விளக்கவுரை:

எண்ணற்ற வேதங்களை, அனைத்து ஞானமும் அளிக்கவல்ல வேதங்களை, எண்ணற்ற காலம் இருந்துவரும் வேதங்களை இந்த அகண்ட பூமியில் உள்ள ஜைனர்கள், பௌத்தர்கள் போன்றோர் மறுத்தனர். இவர்களைப் போன்றோரை வாதத்தின் மூலம் வீழ்த்தி, வேதங்கள் எங்கும் பரவும்படிச் செய்தார். இப்படிப்பட்ட வேதங்கள் என்னும் மழையைப் பெய்விக்கும் மேகமாக எம்பெருமானார் உள்ளார். திருவரங்கத்தில் உள்ள அழகியமணவாளன், யார் தன்னைக் காண்கிறார்களோ அவர்களின் மனதை அப்போதே பறித்துக் கொள்பவனாக, “மீண்டும் இவனை நாம் எப்போது காண்போம்?”, என்று துடிக்கும்படிச் செய்பவனாக உள்ளான். இப்படிப்பட்ட அரங்கனின் திருவடிகளையே எப்போதும் பற்றியுள்ள அரங்கனின் தொண்டர்கள், அவனை விடுத்து இப்போது எம்பெருமானாரின் திருக்கல்யாண குணங்களை உணர்ந்தவர்களாக, இவரையே சூழ்ந்தபடி உள்ளனர். இப்படிப்பட்ட எம்பெருமானாரின் திருவடிகளைப் பற்றியபடி உள்ளவர்கள், எந்தக் குலத்தில் பிறந்துள்ளபோதும், அவர்களது குலமே எங்கள் குலம் என்று கூறும்படியாக நாங்கள் உள்ளோம்.

Last verse- Amudhanaar said: with his enormous fame and popularity that he had earned, he engulfed the whole earth. In the whole world, his popularity grew due to his unambiguous philosophy based on true purport of Vedas; Nowhe elaborates; explains why… and how.

Meaning:

Emperumaanaar- Sri Ramanujacharya established the Vedic truths in his philosophy that he expounded and thereby the innumerable great Vedic hymns survived in this world due to Sri Ramanuja’s grace. He stands so victoriously, so beautifully, so gracefully and mercifully, that Bhaagawathas, who serve the Lotus feet of Lord Sri RanganAthA- Sesha bhUthars of the Lord- who lose themselves to such greatest merciful nature / personality of his, and praise Sri Ramanuja wholeheartedly. They are the ones capable of ruling our kulam at all times.

kaNdavar chinthai kavarum – The most Beautiful and Most Handsome One who enchants the mind of everyone who sees

kaDi pozhil then arangan– The Lord of Srirangam surrounded by the cool gardens

thoNdar kulaavum Iraamanusanai– His [RanganAthan’s] devotees praise Ramanuja always [Such Greatest Ramanuja]

Thogai iRandha paaN thagu– innumerable rhythmic hymns [Vedas and Upanishads]

paarmEl nilavu ida– established the vedic truths on this earth for them to be and survive for ever

koNdalai– this merciful cloud [i. e. Ramanuja]

mEvi thozhum– [bhAgawathAs of RanganAthan] pay obeisance to lovingly and

reverentially kudiyaar– such great bhAgawathAs’s family members also

engaL kOkulam– are our masters. Each one in their families is our master.

Every veda has certain swaram; in verse 64- Thamizh Vedas are referred to. Thus all bhAgawathas of RanganAthan- those who understand the Parathvam of Sri Ranganathan understand the greatness of Ramanuja and praise him. Thus Our VisishtAdvaita Srivaishnava Sri philosophy talks about three tattvams (or entities):

Chit– AthmA (JivAthmA); sentient and has jnAnam (knowledge). achit or matter- non sentient and has no knowledge. Iswara is the Supreme Lord)

The jIvathmAs (infinite in number) do not have beginning or end; it is eternal; it is atomic in size. No death for jIvAthmA; it is only for the body; The jIvan passes from one body to other depending on karmA or attains mOksha (when performs bhakti yogam or prapatti). JIvAtmAs are also further classified into:

baddha– subjected to repeated births and deaths and are bound in samsaara.

muktha– are released from the bondage of samsaara and have attained mOksha (by performing bhakti yogam or prapatti)

nithya– are eternally liberated like Adhiseshan, Garuda, Vishvaksenar and others.

Iswara-is Sriya: Pathi Sriman Narayanan. Master; Supporter; Controller of everything (other than Him) He is present everywhere and knows everything.

Out of compassion for us, Sriman Narayanan takes avtaarams as Rama, Krishna, out of freewill and desire.

The most important principle of VisishTadvaita philosophy is the sarIra sarIri (Body/Soul) relationship between chethana, achethana and Iswara. The Lord (Iswara) is the soul; and other two tattvas chethana and achethana form His Body.

It is to be noted that the “sarIrI” needn’t be physically present inside a “sarIrA”. This is not a condition to be met out for the sarIra-sarIrI bhAvA to hold good. Thus Sriman NArAyaNA supports and controls all jIvAtmAs, and all the jIvAtmAs exist purely for His enjoyment. Thus, the very essential nature (svaroopam) of a jIvAtmA is to perform kainkaryam to Sriman NArAyaNA for His pleasure and performance of any other activity doesn’t conform to its nature.

Thus JivAthmAs are existent from time memorial; just like the Lord. (so is the achEthana). Everything (in leela vibhUthi) has been either inside His stomach (during mahApraLayam) or outside; (Nithya vibhUthi stays nithyam – permanent). (even devas are temporary. remember- uNdu, umizhndha eccil dEvar. Thus, jIvAs are eternal (just like the Lord). jiVas are born (out of Him) and go back to Him (to His stomach). They lie dormant in His stomach; Out of compassion, Lord grants opportunity to jIvAs for being born again so that at least then, if we think of Him, and surrender to His Lotus Feet.

Source:

http://sundarasimham.org/
http://namperumal.wordpress.com/

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