Swami Desikan’s Adhikara Sangraham: sloka-11, 12

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30 November 2021, Plava varusha, Karthikai -14, Tuesday ;

SLOKA-11

THIRD CHAPTER OF RAHASYA THRAYA SAARAM: ARTAPANCHAKADHIKARAM

PARAMA PURUSHARTHAM

MEANING:
Isvaran, Jeevan, UpAyam, Phalan and VirOdhi for that Phalan are the five doctrines known
as arTa panchakam. Our AchAryAs performed upadEsam on arTa panchakam to destroy our ajn~Anam (plain ignorance, erroneous knowledge and perverted knowledge). They taught us that:
(1) Sriman NaarAyaNan is the ultimate goal (Parama PurushArTam).
(2) We the Jeevans have the rights and claims to perform eternal service to SrIman
NaarAyaNan
(3) The means for gaining that ultimate goal of life is to practice Bhakthi or Prapatthi yOgam
(4) The fruits of practicing (anushtAnam) of one of the above two means/upAyams is the
bliss/fruit of Moksham.
(5) VirOdhis (enemies) for gaining that Moksham are the chains of KarmAs (both PuNyam
and Paapam) that binds us to SamsAram.
The key passage to this Paasuram is: “Aindhu aRivAr iruL onRu ilA vahai yemm manam
tERa iyambinar”. The AchAryAs conversant with the arTa panchakam taught us for our clear comprehension their meanings for our upliftment.

SLO

SLOKA-12:

  1. THE FOURTH ADHIKARAM: TATTHVA THRAYA CHINTHANADHIKARAM: THIS
    PAASURAM IS ABOUT THE IMPORTANT CONCLUSIONS ON THE THREE TATTHVAMS.
BHAKTI OR PRAPATTI YOGAM

MEANING:
PoorvAchAryAs like Swamy AlavanthAr and BhAshyakArar, who were fully conversant with
VedAntha Saasthrams performed upadEsams for us the chEthanams on how to banish
SarIrAthma bramam and SvatantrArTa bramam to uplift us from the horrors of SamsAric
sufferings. They willed to save us and created SrI sookthis like Siddhi Thrayam and SrI
BhAshyam and taught us the individual Svaroopam and SvabhAvam of ChEthanam,
achEthanam and Iswaran. (SarIrAthma Bramam is the confusion that the sarIram –which is achEthanam–, is the aathmA (Jeevan). SvatantrAthma bramam is the confusion resulting from the belief that JeevAthmA is independent and is not the unconditional servant (sesham)of the Lord.
The key passage of this Paasuram is: “maRai nool tantha aadhiyar–viyan tatthuvam
moonRum aruLAl tERa iyambinar”. Our PoorvAchAryAs taught us about the three
wonderful tathvam in a way in which we can grasp them without any confusion.

Courtesy: Oppiliappan Koil Sri.V. Sadagopacharaiar

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