Sri Hayagriva Stothram – 12


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In the eleventh slOkam, Swamy Desikan saluted Sri HayagrIva BhagavAn as the aksharapraNavaSvarUpi responsible for all creations. In this 12th slOkam, Swamy Desikan refers tohow the VedAs comprehend Him as the source of all creations and the ultimate goal and destination of those created beings and entities.


Oh HayagrIvA, the Lord of all VidhyAs! Before creation, this world was a shapeless andnameless mass (moola prakruthi or avyAkrutham). Out of that moola prakruthi, You created MahAn-ahankAram and pancha bhUthams and gave them names and forms. Then, You embodied them as well as entered into them as antharyAmi. Therefore, the worlds that describethem end up with You, who is the indweller of all of them. You also become their ultimate goaland destination. Hence, the VedAs that originated from You salute You adoringly as the primary source and the ultimate goal of this prapancham. The great ones, who have beenspecially blessed by You with the powers of Vaak (Brahma Jn~Anam and Vedic speech) recognize You not only as the “vyAkruthavAn” (creator of janthus and achEthanams withforms and names) but also as their ultimate destination (charamAm PrathishtA).

The MahA NaarAyaNa Upanishad manthram salutes appropriately this “VidarthAran” (themanifold sustainer) this way in the spirit of the above slOkam:

yasmAth JaathA na parA naiva kimchanaasa
ya aavivEsa bhuvanAni visvA
prajApathi: prajayaa samvidhAna
sthrINi jyOthigumshi sachathE sa shOdasI


The beings born from PrajApathi (Lord HayagrIvan) are not separate from Him. He creates all beings, provides them with the ten senses, the five elements constituting their bodies and the three luminous worlds (fire, Sun and Moon) in which they dwell in and next enters into them as their in dwelling supporter and commander (antharyAmi). Before their creation, nothing whatsoever existed other than Him. He created them, gave them names and forms, entered into them and finally became their ultimate destination. Befitting His naamam as “ShOdasi” or the one with 16 Kalais (PrANaa, SraddhA, five elements, indriyA, mind, food, veerya, tapas,mantrA, yaj~nA, the worlds and the names), He identifies with all the creatures of the Universes.

This Lord HayagrIvA, who has no equal or superior (samAdhika daridhran) is the One, who is described as “idham sarvam poorNam” (all of this prapancham is encompassed/filled by Him).

With this slOkam, Swamy Desikan recognizes Lord Hayagrivan as the One who created firstthe naama-roopa Prapancham from Moola Prakruthi (Poorvam thvam avyAkruthAth yaaninaamAni roopANi cha VyAkruthavAn asi). He also salutes Him next as the One in whom the naama-roopa prapancham reaches its layam (tEshAm charamAm prathishtAm thvAm). Swamy Desikan says that VedAs recognize Him as such and eulogize Him.

This slOkam reminds adiyEn of the VishNu PurANa slOkam which salutes the Lord as having vyaktham and avyaktham as His body and having omniscience, omnipotence, omnipresence, unmatched bhalam, immeasurable Isvaryam as some of His aanantha KalyANa guNams:

“vyakthAvyaktha svaroopasthavam samashti-vyashti roopavAn
sarvaj~na: sarva dhruk sarva sakthi jn~Ana bhalardhimAn”
–VishNu PurANam: 5.1.47

Swamy Desikan salutes this VyakthA-Vyaktha Svaroopan and His Srushti leelai as “avyAkruthAth yaani naamAni roopANi cha vyAkruthavAn asi”. Lord HyagrIvan’s samashti (aggregate or collective pervasion) and vyashti (distributive pervasion) roopams are also saluted here.

The third paasuram of Thirucchandhaviruttham also relates to the tatthvams ranging from Moola Prakruthi to naama roopa prapancham saluted by Swamy Desikan. Thirumazhisai’s amazement about the inability of people to comprehend fully the Lord as PurushArtha-Roopi with panchOpanishadh: sakthi (ParamEshti-PumAnvisvO-nivrutthi: sarva yEva hi) is very relevant to Sri HayagrIva upasakAs.

AchArya RaamAnujA’s beautiful commentary on the second slOkam of the thirteenth chapter of Bhagavath GitA is very pertinent to the subject matter of the 12th slOkam of Sri HayagrIvasthothram. Additional references to the origin of beings from Moolaprakruthi and the Lord’s creation of beings from latter are found in Sri Bhagavath GitA slOkams (chapter 14.3 and 14.4).The Upanishadic passages from Taittiriyam (2.6.1) and BruhadhAraNyakam (1.4.7) are also very relevant to the understanding of the twelfth slOkam of NigamAntha MahA Desikan’s SriHayagriva SthOthram:

Tath srushtvA tadhEvaanuprAvisath, tadhanupravisya saccha thyacchAbhavath,
vij~yAnam chAvij~yAnam cha sathyam chAnrutham- cha sathyamabhavath”
– TaittirIyam


“Having created it, He entered into it. Having entered it, He became Sath and Tyath…He became both consciousness and unconscious, both sathyaa (individual self) and anrutha(matter). He has remained true to His own nature”. AchArya RaamAnujA states that it is in this way that all distinctions of names and forms are brought about.

The “naama-roopa VyAkaraNam” is next alluded to in the BruhadhAraNyaka Passage: “Then this was undifferentiated. Now, it has been differentiated by names and forms”. -Br.Upanishad: 1.4.7

Here, the Lord is recognized as existing in the states of effect and cause and having the chEthanAs and achEthanams in their gross and subtle states as His body. The body-soul (SarIra-sarIrI, PrakAra-prakAri) relationship between IsvarA-and His Prakruthi (the cosmos consisting of JivA and Jagath), the very central doctrines of Sri VisishtAdaitham are alluded to. Sri-ChoorNavath dhvAdasa-Urdhva-puNDra-rEkhA parishkrutha suthilaka Sri HayaVadhana ParabrahmaNE nama:

Swamy Desikan saluted the Manthramaya-sarIram of Lord HayagrIvan in the tenth slOkam;in the eleventh, he elaborated on this revelation to instruct us that Sri HayagrIvan is PraNavamanthra SvarUpi and that PraNavam is the tap root (aaNi vER) for all vedams; in this 12th slOkam, our ParamAchAryan described Sri HayagrIvan’s creation of Naama RoopaPrapancham from Moola Prakruthi and His roles as the creator and the ultimate destination for all of His creations. He pointed out that the VedAs created and released by Him (tvath upaj~naVedA:) salute and celebrate His srushti, antharyAmi, rakshaka and laya leelAs on behalf of His creations.


To be continued…

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